Puberty and adolescent health
Puberty is the time when a child's body changes into an adult's body. People all have a personal clock that determines when they will begin puberty. Some people mature earlier and some later. Many people have questions about their physical development as well as the emotional transitions they experience during this time. ETR’s materials on puberty and reproductive anatomy provide a clear foundation for young people as they grow up.
Sexual and reproductive health
Understanding reproductive anatomy provides a vital foundation for learning about sexual health, pregnancy and birth control, and disease prevention. Knowing the basics of reproductive anatomy can help people make informed decisions about abstinence, contraception, vaccinations, regular health exams, and how to have safer sex.
Compared with other types of cancer, testicular cancer is rare. But, in the U.S., testicular cancer is the most common cancer in males between ages 15 and 35. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, and there are ways to be aware of changes in your body in order to catch any signs of problems early.
Detecting body changes early is also key to detecting breast cancer early. Detecting breast cancer early, before it has spread, makes it easier to treat successfully. Getting regular screening tests is considered the most reliable way to detect early signs of breast cancer. It’s also extremely helpful for a person to be aware of their own breasts, what’s normal and what’s not. This is called breast self-awareness.
Regular screening tests are vital for sexual and reproductive health. Cervical cancer is relatively common. It's also one of the easiest kinds of cancer to find and treat in the very early stages. The Pap test is a simple test that can help prevent cancer by detecting early cell changes.
Cardiovascular health involves the heart and the blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen through the body. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. But, by making healthy lifestyle choices, people can increase and maintain their cardiovascular health.
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against the artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause serious health problems, such as heart disease. Millions of Americans have high blood pressure and don't realize it because it's a disease with no symptoms.
Having high cholesterol is another condition that has no symptoms but can lead to heart disease. With high cholesterol, fatty deposits can develop in the blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits grow, making it difficult for blood to flow through the circulatory system. Sometimes, the fatty deposits can break suddenly and form a clot that causes a heart attack or stroke. Even 20-year-olds can have a high cholesterol level, so it's never too early to get checked.
More than 100 million people in the U.S. are living with diabetes or pre-diabetes. As many as 1 in 3 Americans could have diabetes by 2050. Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include prediabetes—when a person’s blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes—and gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after the baby is delivered. ETR’s materials address a full range of issues related to diabetes, from making lifestyle choices to prevent diabetes to living healthy with diabetes.