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Lessons > High School > HIV, STI & Pregnancy Prevention
HIV, STI & Pregnancy Prevention

18 Lessons

1

In this introductory lesson, students establish class agreements for discussion of sexual health topics and assess their current knowledge of facts and myths about sexuality and sexual health. They then explore the definition of sexuality, including different aspects of sexuality and how healthy sexuality can contribute to positive, appropriate and fulfilling relationships throughout their lives.

2

Students continue learning about aspects of sexuality, with a focus on diversity challenges and respecting others. After reviewing different ways sexual identity can be expressed, students create and present scenarios about differences in gender identity, sexual orientation and sexual status. They examine the benefits of promoting respect for all the different aspects of human sexuality, and discuss the challenges and negative consequences that can arise when people disrespect sexual differences. They assess the atmosphere at their school and plan a simple advocacy campaign to encourage incoming students to behave in respectful ways.

3

In this lesson, students examine the concept of sexual responsibility and how it applies to the choices people make about sexual activity. They work in small groups to categorize a range of behaviors to help define sexual abstinence and sexual activity, and discuss reasons teens might choose to be abstinent or sexually active. Then they examine the potential positive and negative consequences of each choice, including the risk of pregnancy and STI/HIV, and discuss how being sexually responsible can help a person avoid these negative consequences.

4

This lesson begins by discussing how important communication is in pressure situations. Students review and discuss a definition of Affirmative Consent and work in small groups to explore different aspects of consent. Then they apply the things they have learned by analyzing scenarios where consent may or may not be present. The full class reviews and discusses the scenarios.

5

In this lesson, students learn about using birth control to avoid unintended pregnancy. After examining the potential negative consequences of becoming a teen parent, they go on a fact hunt to learn about particular methods of birth control, and participate in a class discussion to review main points. To summarize and assess their knowledge, students read several scenarios about sexually active couples and suggest the best birth control method(s) for each one.

6

In this lesson, students review facts about common STIs. They work in small groups to brainstorm what they know about how STIs are transmitted, symptoms, testing, treatment and prevention, and any questions they have about STIs. Then they read a fact sheet and use the information to assess what they know and answer their group’s questions. Then they examine reasons teens might not get tested for STIs, and identify ways to address these barriers.

7

In this lesson, students learn facts about HIV. After learning the definition of HIV, they take a fact or myth quiz to test what they know about it. They read more about HIV and place behavior cards on a continuum to identify low-risk and high-risk activities for HIV. They then discuss ways to avoid the risk of getting HIV.

8

In this lesson, students analyze influences on sexual choices and risk behaviors. After affirming that the choice to be sexually active carries certain risks, students identify factors that have the potential to influence sexual risk taking in positive and negative ways. Then they work in small groups to analyze ways each of these factors could be protective and help a person avoid sexual risk taking, or be negative and encourage sexual risk taking.

9

In this lesson, students examine behaviors that increase the risk for STIs and learn strategies for avoiding these risks. They participate in a group activity that illustrates the risk of having serial or overlapping sexual partners. They brainstorm ways people can be sexually responsible and lower their risk of STIs. Then they analyze some example scenarios to evaluate the characters’ STI risks and make recommendations for reducing the risk.

10

In this lesson, students apply what they know about sexual responsibility to the issue of HIV, STI and pregnancy testing. After reviewing the potential risks that accompany the choice to be sexually active, they discuss why it’s important for people to know their STI/HIV status as well as that of any potential sexual partner. They work in small groups to read about testing and identify basic information. Then they review places testing is available in the community. As homework, students are assigned to visit or research local testing resources and prepare a report.

11

In this lesson, students learn the steps to proper condom use. After reviewing the importance of using latex or polyurethane condoms to help reduce the risk of STI/HIV, the teacher performs a condom demonstration and reviews the steps. Students practice putting cards with the steps in the correct order, then practice in pairs using actual condoms. They discuss where to get condoms and complete a homework assignment to research the availability of condoms from local stores and other resources.

12

In this lesson, students learn strategies for planning ahead and negotiating condom use. After reviewing the importance of using condoms if sexually active, they examine steps for planning ahead to make using condoms easier. They learn about negotiation skills and discuss how these skills can support condom use. Then they complete an activity sheet in which they apply the negotiating skills they have learned to prepare them to talk to a partner about using condoms.

13

This lesson introduces refusal skills that students can use if a negotiation to use condoms is unsuccessful. Students review steps for saying NO to sexual pressure. Then they brainstorm pressure lines a partner might use to pressure someone to have unsafe sex and discuss how to apply the steps for saying NO to refusing to have sex without a condom. Then, after watching demonstration roleplays that use ineffective and effective refusal and negotiation skills, they complete a half-scripted roleplay to practice these skills themselves. They practice their roleplays in pairs and receive feedback on their use of the skills.

14

In this lesson, students consider their own personal commitment to healthy behaviors that will help protect their sexual health. They review what they know about avoiding sexual health risks, including being sexually abstinent or taking steps to help prevent pregnancy, HIV and other STIs, if sexually active. Then they decide what their own commitment will be, and how they’ll either protect a choice to be abstinent or take steps to reduce the risk for themselves and their partners if they are or decide to become sexually active.

15

In this lesson, students learn about advocating for teens to make healthy choices to protect themselves from unintended pregnancy, HIV and other STIs. After learning about advocacy skills, they brainstorm ideas for advocacy messages. They discuss benefits of graduating without getting pregnant, causing a pregnancy, or getting HIV or other STIs. Then they work in groups to create advocacy messages and present them to the class.

16

This optional lesson is for use by schools in states that have mandated instruction on potential outcomes and options for a pregnancy. Students consider the thoughts and feelings a young person who is experiencing a pregnancy might have, then learn about pregnancy options through a reading sheet and teacher-led discussion that covers continuing the pregnancy to parenting, continuing the pregnancy and creating an adoption plan, continuing the pregnancy to safe surrender, and electively ending the pregnancy through abortion. They work in pairs to list healthy actions someone can take to help ensure a healthy pregnancy, and discuss why prenatal care is important if a person decides to continue a pregnancy. Then they work in small groups to read sample scenarios and explore the decision-making process of a person who is experiencing a pregnancy.

17

This culminating activity assesses student learning for the unit through a written exam.

18

In this culminating activity, students work in pairs or small groups to create a pamphlet that gives teens the facts about preventing pregnancy, HIV or other STIs. After choosing which topic they’ll address, students write and design their pamphlets to include consequences of unintended pregnancy, HIV or other STIs; how pregnancy or how infection with HIV or other STIs occurs; ways to reduce the risk; the importance of testing, counseling and services; and local resources for testing.